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  • Category: Making Sense of The Economy

    How to protect your investments from a market downturn

    At our investment meeting this week, one of my colleagues shared the news that he had received a call late the night before from a prospective client confirming his decision to hire us to manage his portfolio. While that itself is not news we’re thankful to say, what was interesting was the voice mail message the investor left, saying, “The market seems a bit high so I’m moving my money over to you guys to put to work in your more diversified platform.”

    Although we may be biased, we think there is merit in what he says — and we applaud his foresight. Too many investors (even professional ones!) have a tendency to extrapolate current investment trends well into the future. That is, they buy in after markets have been performing well only to sell out of fear when they turn bearish. In other words, they buy high and sell low. Frequently-cited research by DALBAR shows that over the past decade, investors have cost themselves potentially 4% per year in returns by doing the wrong thing at the wrong time.  In this business, one must be vigilant about not letting emotion drive decision making.
    [read more >>]

    Meet the asset class specialists

    We hosted our semi-annual Meet the Pros event last week in Toronto where clients had an opportunity to meet some of the independent asset class specialists we retain for specific components of the portfolios we manage. This year’s panel of pundits included Maureen Farrow of Economap (our independent economist), Tye Bousada of Edgepoint Investment Group and John Foresi of Venterra Realty –specialists in global equities and U.S. real estate respectively.

    The key takeaways in my view were:

    • the recovery from the of 2007/08 financial crisis is on a good path and has slow but steady momentum;
    • after a strong run-up in both equity and real estate prices; be very careful not to overpay

    [read more >>]

    Convexity and Bonds

    Yesterday’s Globe and Mail included an interesting article by Boyd Erman on the impact of “convexity” on bond prices. That is, the measure of the sensitivity of the price of a bond to changes in interest rates.

    As advisors, we try to avoid jargon like volatility, duration, correlation and tracking error. One investor friend of mine defines volatility this way: “it means the investment will drop in value as soon as I own it!” The term “convexity” is totally out of bounds and reserved only for bond specialists!

    But Mr. Erman makes a valuable point in the article. Ignore all the discussion about the shape of the yield curve.  This is the key point – when bonds are only yielding 2%, a 1% increase in yields will result in a bigger drop in value when compared to a bond yielding 8%. So today’s investor has to be more acutely aware of the impact of rising interest rates on bonds in their portfolios. [read more >>]

    Finding investment opportunities when the economy isn’t handing them out

    Last week, we organized a lunchtime panel with four outstanding financial minds that are part of the pool of talent we have to draw on for the management of client investment portfolios:

    • Maureen Farrow, (economist), President, Economap
    • Tye Bousada, (global equities), President & Co-CEO, Edgepoint Investment Group Inc.
    • Rick Grafton, (energy), CEO, Grafton Asset Management
    • Corrado Russo, (real estate), Managing Director, Global Securities and Investments, Timbercreek Asset Management Inc.

    It was a lengthy and meaty conversation about the state of the global economy, how Canada is faring and what it all means for clients of Newport Private Wealth. This summary won’t fully do justice to the depth and scope of the presentations, but we will try to boil a 90 minute discussion down to a readable blog post for you.
    [read more >>]

    When will natural gas prices turn?

    Record warm temperatures made for a comfortable Canadian winter this year. But they’ve caused a chill in the energy market. Particularly natural gas prices which dropped to a 15 year low.

    What’s the cure?

    “Low gas prices” is the standard response from industry experts. Low prices spur demand and cut off supply. It’s just a lesson in economics.

    [read more >>]

    Greece default a positive for markets

    “There is too much debt in the world and if Greece defaults on its debt, this will be good for the markets in the short term, especially if it defaults big.”

    That was the message we heard yesterday morning from Barry Allen of Marret Asset Management, considered by many to be the top manager of high yield bonds in Canada and one of the external managers we use for yield mandates.

    Barry was in to give us an update and his view was uncharacteristically optimistic: “Now that the European Central Bank has put a floor under European banks with its 3-year loans, smaller governments can now default without bringing down the banking system.”

    Barry contends that Greece and Portugal should, and will, default and this will be good for the overall global deleveraging that will continue for several years.

    He also reminded us that Italy runs a structural budgetary surplus and has a strong industrial base that “makes good things people all over the world want to buy”, especially luxury goods desired by the growing affluent classes in emerging markets.


    He thinks Italy will be successful in its efforts to crack down on tax evaders, citing the amusing anedote of the recent tax raid on the luxurious winter resort of Cortina D’Ampezzo.  Tax inspectors found 42 top-end cars registered to people with declared annual incomes of 22,000 Euros (about $29,000 CAD). The investigation highlights the problem of tax collection in Italy, which Barry thinks will ultimately be resolved given the strong sense of nationalism and patriotism in that country; the upper middle class “will do their part to put the country back on sound fiscal footing.”

    Barry’s overall message was that Europe is in better shape than the world has given it credit for. Not exactly a screaming ‘buy signal’, but still upbeat news for a grey January morning in Toronto.

    How safe are GICs?

    Yesterday marked what could be a watershed moment for investors in Europe as Germany managed to sell €3.9 billion worth of six months bonds at a negative interest rate. Marginally negative, but it demonstrates that investors are so worried about the economy in Europe that they are willing to pay Germany for the privilege of lending it money. When these bonds mature, investors will receive less money than they invested. They would quite literally be better off sticking their money under a mattress.

    Investor sentiment worldwide is cautious with a tremendous amount of cash sitting on the sidelines. Recently, I’ve had several conversations with prospective investors who have asked whether their capital would be safe in GICs. The answer to this question is not straightforward as we first have to define what “safe” means.

    If the question is whether I believe that investors will get their money back and earn a return on GICs, then the answer is “yes”. The Canadian banking system is strong and well capitalized. There is no reason to believe that investing in the debt of these banks is risky, unlike the view many investors are taking towards European banks.

    The majority of high net worth investors worked very hard to build their net worth and are naturally risk averse. They generally state that at the very least, they want to preserve the value of their portfolio. I generally interpret this to mean that they want the portfolio at a minimum, to grow greater than the rate of inflation. By stating they want to preserve the value of their portfolio they are really trying to say, “preserve my standard of living”.

    So, if the question is whether I believe that investors will preserve the value of their capital by investing in GICs, the answer is “no”. A dollar today, invested in a GIC will be worth less in the future.

    i-e435f94d582438842ab0b7cfbfd7ff04-Inflation Calculation_10Jan.png

    Investing in a locked-in one year GIC with a major bank will result in a return of 1.15% on which tax must be paid at the highest marginal rate (for this purpose assume 46.41%). The Bank of Canada puts the rate of inflation at 2.90% on a year over year basis. Since last March, the inflation rate has hovered around 3.0%, at the higher end of the Bank of Canada’s target range. In the graph, I have plotted how a portfolio invested in GICs would grow, after tax, if invested at 1.15%. I have also plotted the effect inflation would have on the cost of goods.

    For the purpose of this exercise, I have assumed that these rates hold steady going forward. In five years, the purchasing power of a dollar invested in a GIC would decline by 10.6%. In other words, a dollar invested in GICs today will be worth 89.4 cents five years from now, if inflation stays the same. With so much cash flooding the system, inflation rates may well be higher in future years, and the return more negative.

    GICs can be a good solution for the short term when uncertainty remains high, but they will do little to protect the value of your portfolio or your standard of living over time. So what do you do?

    We still believe a well diversified portfolio managed with some cash (i.e. T-bills) as a defensive measure and a a client’s tolerance for risk in mind will outperform the markets and preserve your standard of living.